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PNNL and the University of Maryland's Joint Global Change Research Institute is the home and primary development institution for the Global Change Assessment Model (GCAM - formerly MiniCAM), an integrated assessment tool for exploring consequences and responses to global change. GCAM is a dynamic-recursive model with technology-rich representations of the economy, energy sector, land use and water linked to a climate model that can be used to explore climate change mitigation policies including carbon taxes, carbon trading, regulations and accelerated deployment of energy technology.

Phoenix replaces the Second Generation Model (SGM) that was formerly used, and is a policy analysis tool that operates at regional and national scales using economic input-output data for agriculture, transportation land use, energy consumption, and various policy variables. Resulting outputs are consumer demand for biofuels and regional agricultural land use devoted to biomass production. This model was developed at Pacific Northwest National Laboratory.