A key advantage of using microalgae for biofuel production is the ability of some algal strains to thrive in waters unsuitable for conventional crop irrigation such as saline groundwater or seawater. Nonetheless, the availability of sustainable water supplies will provide significant challenges for scale-up and development of algal biofuels. We conduct a partial techno-economic assessment based on the availability of freshwater, saline groundwater, and seawater for use in open pond algae cultivation systems.
We present a system dynamics global LUC model intended to examine LUC attributed to biofuel production. The model has major global land system stocks and flows and can be exercised under different food and biofuel demand assumptions. This model provides insights into the drivers and dynamic interactions of LUC, population, dietary choices, and biofuel policy rather than a precise number generator.
An overview of how to run a PEATSim model in GAMS using the PATH solver.
A Partial equilibrium economic model to analyze demand, supply and trade flows for the EUs agriculture.
A environmental model for assesing impacts of policy on climate, land and the environment.
IBSAL is a dynamic simulation model of the connections existing between feedstock producers, biorefinery locations and the requisite storage and distribution systems. The model is primarily focused on the front end of the biofuels supply chain at the local level. The local data sources that are inputs include field area, dry matter, production equipment, soil and biomass moisture, weather conditions, transportation networks and associated costs. The model was developed at Oak Ridge National Laboratory.
This model can be downloaded from
SABRe-Gen is a privately developed model created by Eskom South Africa to identify current and future biofuels production locations in relation to biomass crop production. The primary focus is actually on the use of biofuels as alternative energy sources for electricity generation, but the basic framework can be adapted for the determination of consumer fuel demand.