Technology for producing transportation fuel from biomass is moving out of the laboratory and into the marketplace. In the past decade, advances in biotechnology have allowed us to reduce the projected cost of bioethanol by nearly 25%. In the 1990s, the US Department of Energy National Bioethanol Program: (1) Developed new, more versatile, micro-organisms capable of squeezing more ethanol from biomass; (2) Gained a greater understanding of how the individual technology components work together in an integrated process; and (3) Supported the private sector's initiatives to commercialize bioethanol technology.

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John Sheehan
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Sheehan, J.
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