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You are viewing the Billion-Ton Update published in 2011, the 2016 Billion-Ton report is now available.

U.S. Billion-Ton Update (2012)

Biomass supply for a Bioenergy and Bioproducts Industry


The report, Biomass as Feedstock for a Bioenergy and Bioproducts Industry: The Technical Feasibility of a Billion-Ton Annual Supply (Billion-Ton Study complete report ~2.8 MB), estimated the potential biomass available within the contiguous United States based on assumptions about current and future inventory production capacity, availability, and technology. This report, U.S. Billion-Ton Update: Biomass Supply for a Bioenergy and Bioproducts Industry (2011 BT2 complete report ~7.3 MB), expands on the 2005 Billion-Ton Study. An update to the report, the 2016 Billion-Ton Report: Advancing Domestic Resources for a Thriving Bioeconomy, is now available. Please consult the 2016 report for the most up-to-date data.

For convenience and archival purposes, data and interactive visualizations from the 2011 report are still available here. As compared to the 2005 Billion-Ton Study, the Bioenergy KDF components of the 2011 U.S. Billion-Ton Update include the following:

  • A spatial, county-by-county inventory of potentially available primary feedstocks
  • Price and available quantities (e.g., supply curves) for the individual feedstocks
  • A more rigorous treatment and modeling of resource sustainability.

Please read the Billion-Ton Update Disclaimer before using this data.

In the Bioenergy KDF

The Bioenergy Knowledge Discovery Framework (Bioenergy KDF) allows for complete access to the BT2 Data. Within the Bioenergy KDF, users can:

  • explore county- and state-level data within the Data Map Interface
  • download selected crop data for multiple years in a spreadsheet
  • access the complete Billion-Ton Update data files

Data Download Tool

The 2011 Billion-Ton Study Data Download Tool allows users access to a subset of the 2011 BT2 raw data. The Download Tools follows a similar wizard interface to the data explorer tool, but can only be accessed from the KDF Tools & Apps Section. Once the query has been made, the user is presented with a spreadsheet for easy access to data across all prices for desired years and resource types.

Complete Data Download

Frequently Asked Questions

Have questions about the 2011 U.S. Billion-Ton Update? See the Frequently Asked Questions prepared by the report authors.