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Biomass as Feedstock for a Bioenergy and Bioproducts Industry: The Technical Feasibility of a Billion-Ton Annual Supply

This report, generally referred to as the Billion-Ton Study or 2005 BTS, is an estimate of “potential” biomass available within the contiguous United States based on assumptions about inventory production capacity, availability, and technology.

The United States Department of Agriculture (USDA) and the United States Department of Energy (DOE) both place high importance on developing resources and conversion technologies for producing fuels, chemicals and power from biomass. The two departments are working together on several aspects of bioenergy. This report is the third to be produced from joint collaboration. This and other reports can be found at:

The website for biomass feedstock research sponsored by the DOE’s Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy Bioenergy Technologies Office (BETO) can be found at: More general information about BETO's feedstock research program can be found at:

The website for research and development sponsored by the USDA Forest Service can be found at:
The website for bioenergy research sponsored by the USDA Agricultural Research Service can be found at: http://

Robert D. Perlack
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Robert D. Perlack
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