• Opportunities to improve coproduction of wildlife and biomass-for-energy exist at multiple spatial scales.
• At the landscape scale, we review strategies for increasing biodiversity in biomass production systems, drawing examples from plantations, dedicated perennial grasses, and forest thinning systems in the Americas.
• At the scale of one land owner, we describe wildlife-friendly practices to promote land sharing for each production system.
• Dynamic strategies for land sharing can also improve outcomes for wildlife in landscapes containing biomass production systems.
• Implementing practices that minimize wildlife damage to crops are important to address land-owner concerns and to promote adoption of wildlife-friendly practices.