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Waste to Energy

This dataset includes waster resources prepared for BT23 Chapter 3. Please access the data through the BT23 Data Portal or directly at

Please cite as:
Milbrandt, A., and A. Badgett. 2024, Data from Biomass from waste streams, of Chapter 3 in the 2023 Billion-Ton Report. Version 0.0.1, Bioenergy Knowledge Discovery Framework (bioenergyKDF)Data Center,

Usage Policy
CC0-1.0 license
Publication Date
Project Title
Data Source
Landfill gas: EPA LMOP Database, 07-2023
Anelia Milbrandt , Alex Badgett
Create a DOI (from OSTI) for this document
OSTI DOI Released
DOI is only Reserved.

This spreadsheet serves as an Input file to the National Renewable Energy Laboratory's Waste-to-Energy System Simulation (WESyS) model developed in Stella Pro (isee systems, Lebanon, NH). WESyS is a national-level system dynamics model that simulates energy production from three sectors of the U.S. waste-to-energy industry: landfills, confined animal feeding operations (CAFOs), and publically owned treatment works (POTWs).

For our purposes, a scenario is a set of model conditions (i.e. parameter settings) that approximate a specified condition or potential reality. The non-negative feedstock cost scenario outlined here represents a potential future reality where feedstock costs for waste become positive (i.e., there is a market for wastes). For the three types of facilities represented in WESyS (i.e., wastewater treatment plants, landfills, and concentrated animal feeding operations (CAFOs)), only CAFOs are expected to have positive feedstock costs for manure in the near future. If this were to happen, CAFOs might chose to sell their waste rather than build on-site waste-to-energy (WTE) facilities. For this scenario, we adopted a farmer-owned cooperative model in which farmers may sell their manure to a cooperatively owned and operated WTE facility. For these farmer-owned cooperatives, we have allow for technology development under three pathways (Hydrothermal Liquifaction (HTL), Fischer-Tropsch (FT), and Renewable Natural Gas (RNG)) that are assumed to operate at full commercial scale. For a given technology pathway to become feasible, there must be enough animal units available to supply the commercial throughput requirement of the technology.

Contact Phone
Publication Date
Project Title
Waste-to-Energy System Simulation Model
Contact Email
Contact Person
Daniel Inman
Contact Organization
National Renewable Energy Laboratory
Bioenergy Category
Daniel Inman, Annika Eberle, and Dylan Hettinger of the National Renewable Energy Laboratory; Steven Peterson and Corey Peck of Lexidyne, LLC.
WBS Project Number
Funded from the U.S. Department of Energy, Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy, Bioenergy Technologies Office.
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